The mission of Title I, a federally funded program, is to assist educationally disadvantaged children from low income areas with their basic skills. To achieve this goal, instructional support is provided to students either in the classroom or in a small group intervention model. Basic skill areas which may be addressed are reading, writing or mathematics. Grade levels and skill areas are determined by individual building plans that are developed each year. The Title I program in Shoreline is designed for elementary students in kindergarten through grade six at five of our elementary schools: Briarcrest, Echo Lake, Lake Forest Park, Meridian Park and Parkwood Elementary Schools.
Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)
The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 started with a lofty goal: Every student was to pass every state test in reading and math by the year 2014, no matter what their school passing rate was in 2001. To make sure they were on track to meet that goal, schools reported annually whether or not they had made adequate yearly progress (AYP) toward meeting the 100 percent pass rate on time.
We’ve come a long way since 2001. The number of students passing their state tests has increased significantly.
But as our nation moved closer to 2014, it became apparent that a 100 percent pass rate was unrealistic. Although scores were improving, more and more schools were not meeting AYP because the percentage of students needing to pass the tests increased each year. Many people considered reporting AYP meaningless, because so few schools could meet it. Most states, including Washington, applied for waivers from AYP. Our state was granted a waiver during school years 2012-13 and 2013-14. During those years, Washington was given the flexibility outside the AYP system to identify schools that needed the most help and target funding to schools with the highest need.
State test scores and graduation rates continued to rise. Despite our continued success, the U.S. Department of Education did not renew our waiver for the 2014-15 school year. They denied the waiver because the Washington State Legislature did not pass a bill to require teacher/principal evaluations to include student growth on state tests, when appropriate. The use of student test scores as part of the teacher evaluation system is a federal requirement to keep an AYP waiver.
NCLB requires OSPI to inform parents/guardians of students about district performance. Shoreline has been identified as a district in improvement because the district did not meet AYP for two consecutive years in English language arts. You can find specific AYP data used to make this decision at http://reportcard.ospi.k12.wa.us/summary.aspx?groupLevel=District&schoolId=115&reportLevel=District&orgLinkId=115&yrs=&year=2012-13. If you do not have access to the Internet, please contact Lynn Ashenbrener in the Title I office at (206) 393-4117 and a hard copy of the report will be provided.
As a Title I, Part A district in improvement, we are required to institute the following:
How can parents help their school and district improve? Here are some suggestions to help you work with your school and district to support improvements:
Public School Choice (PSC)
Beginning with the first year of improvement schools must offer public school choice — a provision of the federal Elementary and Secondary School Act (ESEA) that offers families an alternative to keeping their student in a low-performing school. PSC is a program unique to schools that operate a Title I, Part A program.
Supplemental Educational Services (SES)
In step 2 of a school improvement program, the district must offer opportunities for additional instruction -- supplemental educational services -- designed to increase academic achievement. SES are unique to schools that operate a Title I, Part A program, and available to students whose families qualify as low income and who rank as lowest-achieving.
Learning Assistance Program (LAP)
The mission of the state-funded Learning Assistance Program (LAP) is to help students in grades kindergarten through twelve with basic skills, with a focus on literacy support for grades K-4.
Title I/LAP Parent Involvement
Title I and LAP programs both encourage parents, schools and communities to work together to gain maximum achievement for all students.
Please view the Links page for more information about the basic components of reading instruction and reading assessment, math activities, as well as Shoreline's Title/LAP teachers.
Title I/LAP Program Staff
Ellen Kaje, Ph.D. - Director of Title I/LAP, ELL and Highly Capable Programs